The first step is to determine the color scheme and shape your future tiles. Manufacturers offer square and rectangular. This is the most common form of tiles. There are also exotic eight or hexagonal patterns. Also special tile for facing of eaves and corners is offered you can put from tiles a skirt of original form. The sizes of ceramic floor tiles range from small to very large. There is very little mosaic tiles, but for a floor it usually use more often as finishing. Most often for a floor use a tile of 30×30 or 50×50 cm in size.
According to the production method of ceramic tiles can be porous or dense (vitrified). The more pores on the back surface of the tile, the more water it absorbs. But this property helps the penetration of the adhesive and thus more reliable bonding of the tile with the surface on which it is fixed.
The type of enamel and its layer on the tile areresponsible for its aesthetic parameters – gloss, pattern, color. Besides, the glaze makes the tile solid and waterproof. There are a large number of proposals for ceramic tiles on the modern construction market. It is variety of design and technical characteristics. There are exclusive expensive collections from famous designers and also there are budget options – domestic products, which are produced with the use of Western technologies.
Insofar as the kitchen floor more than in other areas subjected to various types of impact. This is especially noticeable near the stove, refrigerator and sink. That is why the kitchen floor needed a tile with high chemical and mechanical characteristics. Mechanical properties are bending strength and surface hardness. Bending resistance according to European standards measured in megapascals (MPa). According to European and international standards (N 100 and ISO 1054-4), the resistance of unglazed tiles to the bend should not be less than 27 MPa. As for the hardness, the European classification is divided into five classes. For the kitchen floor it is recommended tiles of the third and fourth classes.
No less important is the measure of resistance to temperature extremes, as well as alkaline and acid resistance. The floor in kitchen we often wash using detergents, in addition to it we may spill the boiling water on it. According to the international standards of alkaline and acid resistance of kitchen tiles for floor must be not less than class B. Whether the tile chosen by you conforms to these standards, you can find out from the accompanying documentation (certificates, catalogues). Sometimes the characteristics are written on the package of the tiles.